The Romans In LondonLondon Grid for Learning

Legionary soldiers were paid more than auxiliary soldiers as they were already Roman citizens – citizenship was highly prized. Many auxiliary soldiers hoped to gain citizenship after serving for 25 years, when they could retire from the army. On retirement, a soldier became a veteran who was often encouraged to settle in a new province as a way of creating a province with men who supported Rome and who knew the ways of Rome. They were also trained fighters who could be called upon to assist if the need arose.

In Roman London, the soldiers worked as clerks and military policemen for the government – similar to civil servants today, as the government was run by the army. One soldier's tombstone, on show in the Museum of London, shows him holding a set of writing tablets and a scroll in his left hand. He wears a cloak as well as his sword and military apron. He must have been working as a clerk for the governor in London when he died.

What you wore depended on whether you were a legionary or auxiliary soldier and what sort of fighting you were trained to carry out. These soldiers, whether on or off duty, would have worn some of their armour and weapons to show who they were but archaeologists in London find only small pieces as the soldiers repaired and re-cycled as much of their armour as they could.